Tuesday, March 1, 2011

B-52H Stratofortress walkaround photo details for the aircraft modeler

B-52 model
 



69 full color pages in PDF format detailing the ultimate version of the "Buff" - close-up photo coverage of the B-52H's engines, landing gear, wings, armament, and other details of use for the modeler. A great reference for the 1/144th scale Minicraft B-52H model!

Available at: B-52 detail

The last version of Boeing's venerable Stratofortress to come off the line, the B-52H is now the only "BUFF" to remain in service following the retirement of the B-52G in the 1990s. procured as a high-altitude nuclear bomber armed with Hound Dog missiles and megaton-yield gravity bombs, the B-52H transitioned to a standoff missile platform with SRAM and ALCM missiles, and later still to a long-range strike aircraft with precision-guided munitions.


B-52 Bibliography

Books:

Robert F. Dorr, Lindsay Peacock   "B-52 Stratofortress: Boeing's Cold War Warrior"   Osprey Aerospace, 1995.  ISBN:  1-85532-452-0

"Modern Military Aircraft Anatomy" edited by Paul E. Eden and Soph Moeing.  p.66-67: cutaway diagram of a B-52G, plus a photo of a B-52B of the 22nd Bomb Wing at March AFB, another of a B-52G launching from RAF Fairford during Desert Storm.

The Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft
P.68: Color 3-view of a B-52H of the 7th BW at Carswell AFB, Texas.


Magazine Articles and Photos:

David A. Anderton "Photos Give Clues to B-52 Lateral Control System" Aviation Week August 11, 1952  p.30-31

Photos (2): "Boeing YB-52 nears First Flight Trials"  Aviation Week September 29, 1952  p.16  XB-52 on factory floor, wing details.

Richard Sweeney  "B-52 Gives Air Force More Authority, Headaches"   Aviation Week  March 19, 1956  p.26-30  5 photos

Photo:  "Bomb Bay Capsule for B-52"   AW  June 18, 1956  p.53

"USAF B-52s Grounded After California Crash"   Aviation Week  September 24, 1956  p.30

Irving Stone  "B-52 World Mission Keyed to Mid-East"   AW  January 28, 1957  p.32-33  1 photo

Photo:  "Shorter Fin Tested on B-52"   Aviation Week  October 14, 1957  p.77

Photo:  "Pratt & Whitney JT3Ds for Boeing B-52H"   Aviation Week  February 15, 1960  p.34

Photo:  "TF33 Turbofans Mounted on B-52H"   AW&ST  May 23, 1960 p.110

"Turbofan-Powered B-52H Makes First Flight"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  March 20, 1961  p.29  2 photos

"Practice Runs on Aircraft Halted After Sidewinder Destroys B-52"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  April 17, 1961  p.30

"Pilot Error Ruled Out in Downing of B-52"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  April 24, 1961  p.32

Photo:  "RAF Vulcan B Mk.2 and USAF B-52H Over Edwards AFB"   AW&ST  September 25, 1961  p.231

"Crewmen Fly B-52 Damaged In Turbulence"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  March 9, 1964  p.27  2 photos

Photo:  "B-52H Getting Countermeasures Rockets"   AW&ST  March 1, 1965  p.63

Photo: "USAF/Boeing B-52 Drops 750-lb. Bombs on Vietnam"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  November 29, 1965  front cover

C.M. Plattner   "Tactical Raids by B-52s Stun Viet Cong"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  November 29, 1965  p.16-21  7 photos

“B-52 Modification Boosts Internal Bomb Capacity”  Aviation Week & Space Technology  March 14, 1966  p.27  1 illustration

“Some SAC B-52s Get New Camouflage Scheme”  Aviation Week & Space Technology  April 4, 1966  p.32  1 illustration

“B-52 Ranked Most Feared Vietnam Weapon”  Aviation Week & Space Technology  May 1, 1967  p.55-59  1 illustration

“Stability Augmentation Planned for B-52s”  Aviation Week & Space Technology  June 12, 1967  p.37

Donald C. Winston  "Korean Crisis Spurs Shift of B-52s"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  June 17, 1968  p.16-17

Photo:  "Pratt & Whitney Flight Tests 747 engine on B-52"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  June 24, 1968  p.47

Photo:  "Pratt & Whitney JT9D on Boeing B-52 Testbed"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  July 22, 1968  front cover

"Engine for 747 Tested on B-52"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  July 22, 1968  p.50  2 photos

"USAF probes B-52 Crash at Cape"   Aviation Week & Space Technology  September 9, 1968  p.34

Major Robert Chubbuck "The Big Stick: SAC and the B-52" Air Classics September 1972  p.50-55. Includes a large color photo of B-52G 57-6473 in flight with high visibility wing-fuselage bands, and carrying four Skybolts.

"B-52s Flying Indian Ocean Surveillance"   AW&ST  January 28, 1980  p.19

Bill Van Orman   "Buff At Thirty"   Air Combat  November 1987  p.42-49, 62-67, 70, 74  20 photos

John D. Morrocco   "Have Nap Offers Stand-Off Capability for B-52s in Mideast"   AW&ST  September 3, 1990  p.35  1 photo

Captain Doug Fries   "The BUFF at War"   Air Force  June 1992  p.44-49  7 photos

SSgt Bill Dowell   "Bomber Bizz"   Citizen Airman  August 1994  p.12-13  2 photos

SSgt Bill Dowell   "B-52 Like Any Other Plane, Just Bigger"   Citizen Airman  August 1994  p.14  3 photos

Photo:  "New NASA Stratofortress In House Colors"   Air Forces Monthly  June 2002  p.13



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SAC in Desert Storm

 SAC'S final war, OPERATION DESERT STORM, took place a little over a year before the command was inactivated. Indeed, the conflict in the Gulf showed that the separation of "strategic" and "tactical" airpower was perhaps an outmoded concept in the post-Cold War world. Nonetheless, SAC aircrews contributed enormously to the Gulf War, in both combat and support roles.

   In late July 1990, as hundreds of thousands of Iraqi troops awaited Saddam Hussein's orders to overrun Kuwait, a pair of SAC Stratotankers were deployed to the United Arab Emirates. The UAE government was alarmed at the situation, and needed the USAF aircraft to support their air force's interceptors. As it turne dout, this small deployment was just a taste of things to come.

   The hurried deployment of hundreds of combat aircraft to the Gulf to deter any further Iraqi moves following the invasion of Kuwait required extensive tanker support, and essentially all of SAC's active and reserve tankers participated in the operation. The airlifters taking men and material eastbound also needed fuel, and the tankers themselves were used to haul cargo. Tanker also assisted the additional deployments of November 1990 as the Coalition prepared to go on the offensive.

   Of the several hundred SAC bombers in service in 1991, around eighty B-52Gs were committed to DESERT STORM, the remaining B-52Hs and B-1Bs still being tasked with the nuclear deterrence mission. All of SAC's B-52G units sent crews to the provisional bomb wings, as did some units operating H-models.
 
  One of the biggest secrets of the Gulf War was the involvement of specially-armed B-52Gs that struck Iraq directly from the continental US. During the 1980s, SAC had pursued a "black" program to provide BUFFS with a very-long range conventional weapon. Thus, around 100 AGM-86B ALCMs had their TERCOM guidance suites supplemented by GPS , while the W80 nuclear warheads were replaced by 1,000lb conventional weapons.

   Use of the covert missiles during the initial phase of DESERT STORM was spurred by the need to hit targets in northern Iraq. These could have been targeted by aircraft based in Turkey, but the Turks did not okay the beginning of OPERATION PROVEN FORCE from their bases until 18 January. Hoping to use the ALCM-Cs without disclosing their existence, the USAF ordered the 2d BW to launch an intercontinental strike from Barksdale AFB, Louisiana, as this would be more secure than moving me missile-armed aircraft overseas. The mission started when 7 primary bombers launched from Barksdale before the war had begun, arriving at the Saudi/Iraqi frontier after hostilities had already begun. At total of 35 ALCM-Cs were launched at power stations and other targets, and the bombers returned safely to Barksdale. Another intercontinental strike was flown the following day from Michigan, but this attack involved aircraft armed with iron bombs, and the bombers landed in theater rather than returning to the US.

   The Buff's phenomenal range allowed the aircraft to be based far from the theater, and on 6 February the 806th Bomb Wing (Provisional) was activated at RAF Fairford, near Bristol, England. This former tanker base had hosted BUSY BREWER B-52G deployments in years past, but this would be the first time since World War n that USAF bombers would fly combat missions from Britain. KC-135s were also active at Fairford, and from Mont de Marsan, the home base of the French Stratotanker force.

  By February, the Spanish airbase at Moron de la Frontera was also in use by B-52s of the 801st BW (Provisional), although this was not immediately announced by the Spanish government.

Basing B-52s in the Gulf region itself was politically sensitive, but the 1708th BW (Provisional) did fly missions from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. And finally, the 4300th BW (P) operated from the Indian Ocean base of Diego Garcia.

   The only B-52 loss during the war occurred on 3 February when a BUFF went down in the Indian Ocean after experiencing electrical problems. Based at Diego Garcia, the aircraft was homebound after a bombing sortie. HH-3s rescued three survivors and recovered a body, but no trace was found of the other three crewmen.

  One case of battle-related damage to a B-52 occurred on when an aircraft was struck in the tail by a missile which blew the tail turret completely off. The Buff was landed safely, although it was subsequently retired. The origin of the missile was at first unknown, but it is now known to have been a US AGM-88 HARM that apparently detected the bomber's tail radar and homed in on it.


   As had been the case in Vietnam, DESERT STORM would have been impossible without tanker support. Well over 15,000 tanker sorties were flown during the war, transferring over 100 million gallons of JP. Much use was made of the KC-135's drogue adaptor for tanking Navy aircraft, particularly for those aircraft based in the Red Sea, which had a longer way to go to reach their targets. F-117As also had a long round trip from Khamis Mushait in the south to Iraq and back, and required tanker support. KC-135s and KC-10s were to be kept inside Saudi airspace, protected by F-15Cs flying High Asset Value Combat Air Patrols, but the tankers did go over the border when necessary, a feat involving no small amount of courage considering that the huge subsonic tankers had no weapons or countermeasures.

   At the beginning of DESERT STORM, SAC had deployed over 200 KC-135s and at least thirty KC-10s to the Gulf theater, organized into eight provisional Air Refueling Wings. The 1702nd was based at Muscat-Seeb and flew KC-135Rs; the 1703rd flew a mixture of original KC-135As and reengined KC-135Rs from Riyadh while the 1706th incorporated ANG KC-135Es; the 1707th was another KC-135R unit; the 1709th was a composite unit flying KC-10s, active-duty KC-135As and ANG/Reserve E-models; the 9th SRW and the 380th BMW contributed their former Blackbird tankers to the 1711th at Riyadh; the 1712th combined Es and Rs, while the 1713th flew Es only. In addition to the aircraft based in the Gulf, KC-135s attached to the 7440th Provisional Wing at Incirlik AB, Turkey supported by F-111Es, F-16s, and F-15s pounding the Iraqi northern front as part of OPERATION PROVEN FORCE.